Home » Uncategorized » Wheat Disease Update – March 15, 2017

Wheat Disease Update – March 15, 2017

About Me

Amanda De Oliveira Silva

Amanda De Oliveira Silva

I have served as an Assistant Professor and Small Grains Extension Specialist at Oklahoma State University since August 2019. I believe that close interaction with producers is vital to understand their production strategies and to establish realistic research goals. My program focuses on developing science-based information to improve the agronomic and economic viability of small grains production in Oklahoma and in the Southern Great Plains.

View Full Profile →

Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 3,809 other followers

This article was written by Dr. Bob Hunger, Extension Wheat Pathologist

Department of Entomology & Plant Pathology

Oklahoma State University – 127 Noble Research Center


        I have not sent out an update since February 21 for several reasons, but the primary one is that wheat diseases in Oklahoma have been sparse. Wheat around Stillwater (STW) is at growth stage 6 or 7 and is showing good growth. On March 9, I looked at wheat in a loop from STW west to Marshall (30 miles west of STW) and Hennessy (50 miles west of STW), then south to Kingfisher and finally to El Reno (25 miles west of OKC). At that time and in the 8-10 fields/variety trials I stopped at, the only disease I saw was powdery mildew at a low incidence. On March 15, Patrick Rydzack (PLP graduate student), Branden Watson (Plant & Soil Science graduate student), and I visited trials at Chickasha (30 miles southwest of OKC), Apache (35 miles southwest of Chickasha), and again in El Reno. We found a few small pustules of leaf rust at Chickasha and some light to moderate powdery mildew (especially at Apache), but overall the foliage was green. Wheat at Apache was GS 7 (2 nodes at base of stem). These observations and other input from around the state indicate that leaf rust is present only in trace amounts, and stripe rust has yet to be observed in Oklahoma.

        In contrast, I have seen tan spot and have heard several reports of leaf spot diseases in no-till fields. On March 13, Josh Bushong (NW Area Extn Agron Speclt), Corbin DeWitt (Extn Edctr-Kay County), and I visited a field near Ponca City that had severe tan spot on the lower leaves; in my estimation, sufficiently severe to merit a fungicide application. I also have had similar situations described to me from fields in Kiowa County (southwest OK), but have not directly seen them. Typically tan spot/Septoria/Stagonospora (the leaf spot foliar diseases) are more severe in no-till fields where wheat residue has been retained on the soil surface. The leaf spots on lower leaves (Figure 1) can be severe and will continue to move up the foliage as long as moisture and temperature are favorable.



Figure 1. (top picture) Severe tan spot on lower wheat leaves. Note wheat residue on soil surface in the background.  (bottom picture) A close up of wheat residue with ‘pseudothecia’ (i.e., spore containing structures) of the fungus that causes tan spot.  Spores are released from these structures that infect the lower wheat leaves.

        If infection is severe on lower leaves, spraying with a fungicide (this early in the season I would go with the lesser expensive generic fungicide) will help limit spread of these leaf spot diseases to older foliage. For additional information regarding early season foliar wheat diseases and possible control with an early fungicide application, see our fact sheet (PSS-2138) that discusses split application of fungicides by clicking here or visiting the wheat.okstate.edu website.

Reports/excerpts of reports from other statesI received a report of leaf rust in south Texas from Dr. Gary Odvody (Texas A&M AgriLife Research & Extension Center, Corpus Christi, TX). However, this report indicated only that leaf rust was observed and mostly focused on severe oat crown rust, which will not infect wheat.


  1. David says:

    Is rye for grain susceptible to these diseases also?

    • David Marburger says:

      Depending on the rye variety, yes it is susceptible to the same pathogens that cause tan spot, Septoria, and Stagonospora on wheat. Rye can also get powdery mildew, but it is caused by a different fungus than the one that causes powdery mildew on wheat.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: