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Oklahoma Wheat Harvest Continues to Move Full Speed Ahead

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Amanda De Oliveira Silva

Amanda De Oliveira Silva

I have served as an Assistant Professor and Small Grains Extension Specialist at Oklahoma State University since August 2019. I believe that close interaction with producers is vital to understand their production strategies and to establish realistic research goals. My program focuses on developing science-based information to improve the agronomic and economic viability of small grains production in Oklahoma and in the Southern Great Plains.

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Courtesy Oklahoma Wheat Commission

Wheat harvest continues to make great progress in Southern and Central Oklahoma. Producers along the 412 Hwy corridor, in Northern Oklahoma, are just getting a good start.  Custom harvesting crews are trying to finalize cuttings in Southern and Central Oklahoma and this has impacted some producers getting fields harvested in Northern regions, but with the open weather that most likely is going to change in the next couple days.  Overall crop quality continues to be favorable with test weight and yield reports. Statewide nothing has been reported below 60 lbs./bu., until today and we are seeing some lower test weights being reported east of Enid and in regions North of Blackwell and Braman on the I-35 corridor.  Yields in most all regions have been favorable ranging from the mid 30’s to mid 60’s depending on variety, location and management plans.  Some producers with intensive management programs are reporting yields in the mid 70’s to mid 80’s in parts of Northern, Oklahoma.  Protein reports across the state are varying, with wide ranges, in Southwest, Oklahoma.  For the most part we are hearing regional averages of 11.2% to 11.6%, although some lower numbers have been reported in Tillman County to be in the 10% range.  In Central, Oklahoma we are seeing slightly lower proteins in the 10.5% to 11.1% range.  Early reports on protein in Northern, Oklahoma, are ranging across the board with higher numbers being reported around the Ringwood, Cherokee & Burlington regions. Averages along this corridor coming in at 11.1% to 11.2%.  East of Enid and North we are seeing protein numbers vary across the board from 10.1% to 11.8%.  Some numbers as high as 14% have been reported although that is few and far between. Currently we are calling the statewide average in Oklahoma for protein at 11.2%.

Below are regions where wheat has been taken in prior to Wednesday June 16, at 3:00  CST.

Southwest Oklahoma Locations Reporting

Grandfield/Devol/Lawton- Test weights have still been holding up even though light rains have occurred, prior to producers getting back into fields.  This region has a 62 lbs./bu average.  Yields currently being reported in the mid 30’s to mid 40’s, some fields with intensive management have been reported in the mid 50’s.  This area is being reported at 65% to 70% completed.

Altus- Harvest was slowed due to rains late last week and over the weekend. Test weights to this point still ranging from 60 lbs./bu. to 62 lbs./bu. with yields being reported in the mid 30’s to mid 40’s.  Some fields with intensive management have been reported making in the mid 60’s to mid 70’s.  Harvest is 55% complete.

Frederick/Chattanooga- Test weights are still holding up in Tillman County even with the later rains received last week that have hindered harvest.  Test weights are ranging from 60 lbs./bu. to 61 lbs./bu.  Yields in this area making in the low to mid 40’s for the most part. Harvest just a little over 50% complete.

Lone Wolf/Hobart- Wheat harvest continues in this region. Test weights averaging 61 lbs./bu. to 63 lbs./bu. Yields being reported from the mid 30’s to mid 50’s depending on location and management. Yields have been better around the Hobart area, due to more moisture received in this region throughout the growing season.  Harvest in this region is 75% complete.

Apache- Yields across the board in this region being reported in the mid 40’s.  The test weight average for this location is 62.5 lbs./bu.  Protein average for this location is 11.5%. Harvest in this region is 25% to 30% complete.

Sentinel/Rocky- Harvest has made great progress in this region over the past few days.  Yields are being reported as favorable making in the upper 30’s to mid 40’s.  Fields with more intense management in both locations have been reported in the mid 60’s. Test weight on the wheat is ranging from 60 lbs./bu. to 64 lbs./bu.  Harvest in this region is 50% complete.

Central Oklahoma Locations Reporting

Reeding/Kingfisher/Omega/Greenfield- Yields in this region have been favorable up to this point. Harvest has been moving forward in this area for the past week, but it has been slower with the scattered showers and high humidity.  Yields for the most part are ranging from the mid to low 40’s.   Test weights have been ranging from 60 lbs./bu. to 64 lbs./bu. Harvest in the Eastern part of this region is 55% to 60% complete. Harvest in the Western part of this region is 40% complete.

Northern Oklahoma Locations Reporting

Blackwell/Braman- Harvest is just getting started. Yields have varied from the mid 30’s to the mid 50’s for the most part on early cuttings.  Lower test weights in this region along the I-35 corridor have been ranging from 56 lbs./bu. to 60 lbs./bu.  Harvest in this region is 5% to 7% complete.

Deer Creek/ Renfrow/ Medford/ Pond Creek- Harvest is just getting started in this region of Grant County.  Test weights have been averaging 60 lbs./bu. or above.  Yields ranging from the mid 30’s to mid 50’s, depending on management. Some highly intensive managed fields reported at making 70+.  Protein in this region is ranging from 10% to 13%.  Harvest in this region is 10% complete.

Kremlin- Yields for the most part have been favorable in the mid 40’s to mid 50’s depending on management.  Some yields have been noted at 70+.  Test weights are ranging from 61 lbs./bu. to 64 lbs./bu.  Protein is 11.8% for this area.  Harvest in this region is 10% complete.

Cherokee- Harvest is moving along in this region. Test weights have averaged 63 lbs./bu. to 65 lbs./bu. Yields are being reported in the mid 40’s with some higher yields being reported on fields with intensive management making 70+.  Protein average for this region is coming in at 11.2%.  Harvest in this region is 20% to 25% complete.

Burlington- Producers continue to make progress in this area with yields ranging from the mid 30’s to the mid 40’s. Some higher yields have been noted in the mid 50’s.  The test weight average has been from 60.5 lbs./bu. to 61.5 lbs./bu.  No protein was reported.  Harvest in this area is 35% completed.

Alva/Selman/Buffalo- Harvest is starting to move along in this region, but has been slower around the Buffalo area.  Yields are ranging in the mid 30’s to mid 50’s depending on management practices. Harvest is less than 10% complete for this area.

Shattuck/Fort Supply- Harvest has started picking up in the Shattuck region and is just getting started in the Fort Supply area.  Early yields are reported in the mid 30’s to mid 40’s, although yields seem to be lower South of Shattuck due to less moisture.   Test weights are ranging from 62lbs./bu. to 63lbs./bu.  Harvest in Shattuck is 10% complete and is 5% complete around the Fort Supply area.

Enclosed, see the 4 day and 24-Hour rainfall accumulation maps with the 7-day weather forecast for Oklahoma.

The next harvest report by the Oklahoma Wheat Commission will be published Monday, June 21, 2021.  A regional harvest report and crop update will be made available and published on Friday, June 18, 2021.


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