Oklahoma Wheat Harvest at Standstill after Early Start

Courtesy Oklahoma Wheat Commission

Oklahoma wheat harvest is at a standstill after an early season start in Southwest, Oklahoma.   Not much has changed since the last report since no wheat has been taken in. Rains have moved across the state in all regions the past two days.  Even though producers would like to get into fields in all regions, the rain has been welcomed because of the extreme drought conditions across Southwest, Western, Panhandle and Central Oklahoma regions.  Yields are ranging in the mid-teens to mid 20’s. We did have a report of one field making 41 bushels per acre by Chattanooga and we had one report of a field coming in at 38 bushels per acre by Frederick.  It has been noted in some places of South Central, Oklahoma producers are hopeful to have better yields on wheat that had more intensive management plans, however yields will still be extremely poor in most locations.   Proteins have been favorable ranging mostly from 11 to 13%, with a report of one load making 18.36%.  Test weights are ranging all over the board from 58 to 61 pounds/bushel. (It should be noted test weights at this point in time are holding up much better than anticipated with more 60 to 61 pound/bushel test weight wheat). Producers will still have to wait and see how the rains across the state this week will impact those numbers.  Several places in Southwest and far Western Panhandle regions received over an inch of moisture.  In parts of the Panhandle, it has been the first measurable rain over the past 180 days, and in these regions the dryland wheat will most likely not be harvested.

Grandfield-Harvest really started moving over the weekend around this location. 43 truckloads were taken in. Yields being reported in the 20-25 bushel per acre range.  Test weights ranged from 60-61 pounds/bushel.  Protein was ranging from 11 to 13%, with a large amount being reported in the 12 to 12.5% range.  Moisture ranged from 10 to 15%.

Tipton-Harvest in this region also began, yields have been ranging from the mid 15’s to mid 20’s.  Test weights ranging from 59 to 61 pounds/bushel.  Proteins ranging from 11 to 12.5% range. Moisture ranged from 11.5 to 14%.  It is predicted these beginning fields are the poorer quality wheat and producers are hopeful yields might improve slightly as they get into better wheat.

Walters- Harvest started moving good in this region over the weekend. Yields being reported in the mid 20’s, with some reports on some of the wheat with intensive management making 41 bushels per acre.  Test weights ranged from 58 to 62 pounds/bushel. Proteins ranging 11 to 14%.  One protein was reported at 18.36%

Frederick-Test weights ranging from 59 to 62 pounds/bushel.  Proteins ranging from 10 to 13.5% range. Yields being reported from low teens to one coming in at 38 bushels per acre.

Granite/Lone Wolf/Altus- Harvest just started in these regions over the weekend with a little of wheat being taken in these regions.  Test weights ranging from 57 to 58 pounds/bushel on the four loads being reported.  Proteins ranged from 11.2 to 13.1%  Yields reported in mid teens, with one being reported in the low 20’s, this is on early cutting, a more representative sample will come in the next report once harvest gets rolling more.

Below see actual rainfall accumulations for the past two days with comparisons to the 180 day rainfall accumulations across Oklahoma.  Also please see the 7 day forecast provided by the Oklahoma Mesonet. Due to the heavy moisture and cooler temperatures most think it will be the end of Memorial Day weekend or possibly the beginning of next week before producers start getting back into the fields in most locations. For this reason the OWC will not publish a harvest report on Memorial Day but will publish a fully detailed report on Wednesday, June 1, 2022.

This entry was posted in Harvest Report by Amanda De Oliveira Silva. Bookmark the permalink.

About Amanda De Oliveira Silva

I have served as an Assistant Professor and Small Grains Extension Specialist at Oklahoma State University since August 2019. I believe that close interaction with producers is vital to understand their production strategies and to establish realistic research goals. My program focuses on developing science-based information to improve the agronomic and economic viability of small grains production in Oklahoma and in the Southern Great Plains.

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