Oklahoma Wheat Harvest Progresses Slowly with Continued Rains

Courtesy Oklahoma Wheat Commission

Oklahoma Wheat harvest continues to move forward at a slow pace due to untimely rains across the wheat belt. Different moisture amounts have been recorded at different times throughout the past week. Rains hindered progress in parts of Central, North Central and Northwest Oklahoma yesterday and early this morning. In some areas between Clinton and Hydro, 4 to 5 inches of moisture was reported by producers depending on locations. (In some instances, these large amounts came within one hour during the morning hours of June 7.)  The past couple of days and this weekend, harvest has been making progress in Southwest Oklahoma around Grandfield, Frederick, Lone Wolf, Hobart and Altus. Harvest also has made progress in parts of Central Oklahoma around the Cashion, Okarche, Kingfisher, Omega and Watonga areas. Test weights have dropped some in these Southern and Central regions with more 58 and 59’s being reported; however, 60 pound test weights are still being received in all locations that are taking wheat. In Northern Oklahoma on early samples, it is thought test weights will still be favorable because the wheat was not fully ripe. Yields have gotten better as harvest has moved North, in the Cashion, Okarche, Kingfisher and Omega region. We have had reports from 15 bushels to as high as 64 bushels per acre. (The average for this region is being reported in the high 20’s to low 30’s.)  It is important to note in several areas of South Central Oklahoma with locations at Apache, Chickasha, Minco, Hinton and Hydro, producers have really not had an opportunity to get a good start, so nothing has been reported from these locations as far as yield and test weights. Proteins across Oklahoma are ranging from 10 to 17 percent, but overall the majority of the crop is in the 12% to 14% range, with much higher proteins in the Western corridors of the state reporting in the 13% to 15% range. It should be noted we are seeing reports for sprout damage now occurring in locations across the state, but the sprout reports have been minimal with reports of 2% to 5% on some loads depending on variety and location.   The Oklahoma Wheat Commission is now calling Oklahoma wheat harvest 20% completed.

Grandfield/Frederick- Harvest in this region is 95-97% complete. Test weights ranging from 60 to 61 pounds/bushel. Proteins ranging from 12 to 12.5% range. Yields being reported from low teens to high twenties, averaging in the low 20’s.

Lone Wolf/Hobart/ Altus- Harvest in these regions is reported at 50 to 60% complete depending on location. Test weights have dropped slightly and now being reported from 59 to 60 pounds per bushel. Yields ranging from 7 bushels per acre to the mid 20’s depending on location, with proteins reported making from 12% to 17%. Most were ranging mainly from 13% to 15%. 

Apache- Wheat harvest still has not really started in this region.  Four truck loads were taken in yesterday with test weights ranging from 58 to 61 pounds per bushel.  No yields or proteins have been reported as they are waiting for a more representative sample.  1/10th of an inch of rain was received this morning, so producers are hopeful they will get rolling more this afternoon.

Sentinel/Rocky- Harvest has made slow progress in this region from last week due to light rains throughout the week but is considered 30% complete. Test weights reported in the 58 to 61 pound per bushel range. Yields being reported from 14 to 25 bushels per acre. Proteins ranging from 13% to 17% depending on variety and management practices.

Cashion/Okarche/Kingfisher/OmegaHarvest in this region reported to be 10 to 20% completed, depending on location. Test weights have dropped with more falling in the 59 to 60 pound/bushel range than what had previously been reported before the rains in that 61 to 63 pound/bushel range. Yields averaging in the high 20’s to low 30’s. Proteins have ranged from 10% to 15%, seeing a lot in the 11.5% to 12.5% range.

Clinton/Weatherford/Hydro/Minco/Chickasha- Rains this past week and heavy rains early this morning have hindered harvest from taking place in most of these regions. Harvest in these areas are at a complete standstill.

Greenfield- Harvest is just getting started in this region. Test weights on early samples averaging out in the 59 to 60 pounds per bushel. Yields on early harvest wheat making in the low to mid 20’s with hopes better wheat will be harvested in the region once harvest gets rolling.  Protein ranging from 11.3% to 14% on early samples.

Shattuck-Wheat harvest has not really started in this region due to light rains received throughout the week. Yesterday afternoon one load was received North of Fort Supply, but quality and yield was not reported as it would not be a representative sample.

Enid- A few loads have been hauled in at a couple locations. Test weights were ranging from 60 to 61 pounds per bushel on early samples. No yields have been reported.  Proteins on early cuttings averaging 12.5%.  This is based on less than 5 loads being received.

Burlington- A couple of samples were received Sunday and Monday.  Moisture was mid 14’s on Sunday and Monday was 15 percent. Light drizzle was received this morning. It was thought some might try harvesting this afternoon if the sun comes out. No yields, test weights or protein reported as no loads have been taken in.

Below see actual rainfall accumulations for the past 12 hours. (Please keep in mind some of the numbers reported in actual report are higher than what Mesonet is showing based on conversations with agricultural producers in the region).   Also please see the forecast for tomorrow along with the 7-day forecast provided by the Oklahoma Mesonet.  The next harvest report will be scheduled for Monday, June 13, 2022.

This entry was posted in Harvest Report by Amanda De Oliveira Silva. Bookmark the permalink.

About Amanda De Oliveira Silva

I have served as an Assistant Professor and Small Grains Extension Specialist at Oklahoma State University since August 2019. I believe that close interaction with producers is vital to understand their production strategies and to establish realistic research goals. My program focuses on developing science-based information to improve the agronomic and economic viability of small grains production in Oklahoma and in the Southern Great Plains.

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