Home » Harvest Report » Oklahoma Wheat Harvest Moving Ahead Amid Light Rain Showers Across the State Earlier in the Week

Oklahoma Wheat Harvest Moving Ahead Amid Light Rain Showers Across the State Earlier in the Week

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Amanda De Oliveira Silva

Amanda De Oliveira Silva

I have served as an Assistant Professor and Small Grains Extension Specialist at Oklahoma State University since August 2019. I believe that close interaction with producers is vital to understand their production strategies and to establish realistic research goals. My program focuses on developing science-based information to improve the agronomic and economic viability of small grains production in Oklahoma and in the Southern Great Plains.

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Courtesy Oklahoma Wheat Commission

Oklahoma Wheat harvest continues across the state in all regions today. Rain showers early Monday morning thru mid-morning hindered harvest progress on Monday and Tuesday in several parts of Northern Oklahoma while other regions had lighter amounts and were able to get back into the fields yesterday.  Producers in areas of Northern Oklahoma are just getting back to the fields this afternoon up by Kremlin and in other parts of Grant County.  Producers are just starting with cuttings of irrigated wheat in the Panhandle regions, but no reports have been made currently. Early cuttings on the crop taken after the rains this week are not showing any signs of major test weight loss or yield loss.  Overall crop quality continues to be favorable with test weight and yield reports. Statewide test weight averages are extremely favorable with most reporting 60 lbs./bu. and above.  A few lighter test weights have been reported in the Blackwell, Braman region on the I-35 corridor and on some of the dry-land wheat in the Panhandle.  In the Panhandle the lighter test weights have been due to crop stress with drought depending on location.  Lighter test weights in these regions reported as low as 56 lbs./bu. although those instances are far and few between.   Yields, in most all regions, have been favorable ranging from the mid 30’s to mid 60’s depending on variety, location and management plans.  Some producers with intensive management programs are reporting yields in the mid 70’s to mid 80’s in parts of Northern Oklahoma.  Protein reports across the state are varying, with wide ranges in Southwest Oklahoma.  For the most part, we are hearing regional averages of 11.0% to 11.4%; although some lower numbers have been reported in Tillman County to be in the 10% range.  In Central Oklahoma we are seeing slightly lower proteins in the 10.5% to 11.1% range.  Early reports on protein in Northern Oklahoma are ranging across the board, with higher numbers being reported in the Northwestern corridor where we had less rain from the Helena, Ringwood, Cherokee and Alva regions earlier in the year. Averages along this corridor coming in at 11.1% to 11.2%.  East of Enid and North we are seeing protein numbers vary across the board from 10.1% to 11.8%.  Some numbers as high as 14% being reported in Grant County, based on variety and producer management. Some elevators in the Panhandle reporting dryland wheat proteins to be as high as 17. Currently we are calling the statewide average in Oklahoma for protein at 11.1% Harvest is estimated at 65% complete.

Below are regions where wheat has been taken in prior to Wednesday June 23, at 3:00 p.m. CST.

Southern Oklahoma Locations Reporting

Grandfield/Devol/Lawton- Test weights continue to be favorable in this region with a 62 lbs./bu. average.  Yields currently being reported in the mid 30’s to mid 40’s, some fields with intensive management have been reported in the mid 50’s.  This area is 95% complete.

Altus- Harvest was slowed in this region early last week, with combines back in the field last Wednesday and over the weekend.  Light rains, once again, have hindered harvest progress on what is left but producers were able to get back into fields yesterday.  Test weights to this point still ranging from 60 lbs./bu. to 62 lbs./bu. with yields being reported in the mid 30’s to mid 40’s.  Some fields with intensive management have been reported making in the mid 60’s to mid 70’s.  Harvest is 95% complete.

Frederick/Chattanooga- Test weights are ranging from 60 lbs./bu. to 61 lbs./bu.  Yields in this area making in the low to mid 40’s for the most part. Rains have hindered this area more than other parts of Southern Oklahoma.  As of today harvest is 98% complete.

Lone Wolf/Hobart- Wheat harvest continues in this region. Test weights averaging 61 lbs./bu. to 63 lbs./bu. Yields being reported from the mid 30’s to mid 50’s depending on location and management.   Yields have been better around the Hobart area, due to more moisture received in this region throughout the growing season.  Harvest in this region is 95% complete.

Roosevelt- Yields across the board in this region being reported in the mid 40’s.  The test weights in this region ranging from 60 lbs./bu. to 62 lbs./bu. Harvest in this region is 85% complete.

Sentinel/Rocky- Harvest has made great progress in this region over the past few days.  Yields are being reported as favorable making in the upper 30’s to mid 40’s.  Fields with more intense management in both locations have been reported in the mid 60’s. Test weight on the wheat is ranging from 60 lbs./bu. to 64 lbs./bu.  Harvest in this region is 95% complete.

Central Oklahoma Locations Reporting

Hinton/Okarche- Yields in these regions being reported in the mid 40’s to mid 50’s for the most part, depending on management practices.  Some fields with intensive management making in the mid 60’s. Test weight average for this region is 62.5 lbs./bu.  Harvest in this region is 97% complete.

Reeding/Kingfisher/Omega/Greenfield- Yields in this region have been favorable up to this point. Yields for the most part are ranging from the mid to low 40’s. Test weights have been ranging from 60 lbs./bu. to 64 lbs./bu. Harvest in this region for all locations is 90% complete.

Northern Oklahoma Locations Reporting

Blackwell/Braman- Yields have varied from the mid 30’s to the mid 40’s, for the most part. Lower test weights in this region along the I-35 corridor have been ranging from 56 lbs./bu. to 58 lbs./bu. on some of the wheat.  In other parts test weights are ranging from 60 lbs./bu. to 63 lbs./bu. Some higher yields with intensive management have also been reported in the mid 50’s. A lot of the differences in the crop depended on planting date, management and variety selection. Harvest in this region for all locations is 57% complete.

Deer Creek/ Renfrow/ Medford/ Pond Creek- Harvest made great progress in this region over the past week, but was hindered with rains throughout Grant County late Sunday night and early Monday morning.  Test weights have been averaging 60 lbs./bu. or above.  Yields ranging from the mid 30’s to mid 50’s, depending on management. Some highly intensive managed fields reported at making 70+.  Harvest in this region is 55% complete.

Goltry/Helena- Producers in this region made great progress over the past week, until scattered showers arrived late Sunday night and early Monday morning.  Yields reported in the mid 40’s to mid 50’s.  Test weights coming in at 60 lbs./bu. or above.  Harvest in this area reported at 80% complete.

Burlington- Producers continue to make progress in this area with yields ranging from the mid 30’s to the mid 40’s. Some higher yields have been noted in the mid 50’s.  The test weights have been averaging from 62 lbs./bu. to 64 lbs./bu.  Harvest in this area is 95% completed.

Alva – Producers have made great progress with harvest in this area over the past week until the rains received Sunday and early Monday morning. Yields being reported in the mid 30’s to mid 40’s. Some higher yields on more intensive management being reported in the mid 50’s.  Test weights being reported at 60 lbs./bu. or higher.  Harvest in this region reported at 90% complete.

Northeastern Oklahoma Locations Reporting

Afton/Miami- Harvest started last week in this region and is moving along at a steady pace. Test weights reported at 60 lbs./bu. or above. Yields reported making in the mid 40’s to mid 50’s.  Some better managed fields making in the mid 60’s. (Note:  This region also grows Soft Red Winter Wheat (SRW) which is marketed to regional bakeries for cake and pastry flours not the traditional Hard Red Winter Wheat (HRW) utilized for bread baking, bread rolls and flat breads.) Traditionally SRW wheat will have lower test weights and yields but nothing has been reported below 60 lbs./bu. for the SRW wheats, and yields have also been favorable ranging from the mid 40’s to mid 50’s.  Harvest in this region is 80% complete.

Panhandle Oklahoma Locations Reporting

Guymon/Hooker-  Yields have ranged from 10 to 40 bushels per acre on dryland wheat, depending on management and where producers got the rain.  Test weights on the poorer quality wheat ranging from 56 lbs./bu. to 58 lbs./bu. On the higher quality yielding wheat weighing 60 lbs./bu. and above.  Proteins in this region are ranging all over the board but will probably be a 12.5 average. Some proteins as high as 18 have been reported on dryland wheat.   We have also had reports of early test cuttings of irrigated wheat being taken at both Guymon and Hooker, but no yield data or information was available at the time of this report on those early cuttings.

Enclosed, see the 24-Hour and 4 day rainfall accumulation maps with the 7-day weather forecast for Oklahoma.

The next harvest report by the Oklahoma Wheat Commission will be published Monday, June 28, 2021.  A regional harvest report and crop update will be made available and published on Friday, June 25, 2021, made possible by Plains Grains Inc.


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