Home » Harvest Report » Oklahoma Wheat Harvest Closer to the Finish Line as Rains Hinder Producers in the Panhandle and Northern Regions

Oklahoma Wheat Harvest Closer to the Finish Line as Rains Hinder Producers in the Panhandle and Northern Regions

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Amanda De Oliveira Silva

Amanda De Oliveira Silva

I have served as an Assistant Professor and Small Grains Extension Specialist at Oklahoma State University since August 2019. I believe that close interaction with producers is vital to understand their production strategies and to establish realistic research goals. My program focuses on developing science-based information to improve the agronomic and economic viability of small grains production in Oklahoma and in the Southern Great Plains.

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Courtesy Oklahoma Wheat Commission

Oklahoma wheat harvest made great strides this past week until late Friday evening, early Saturday morning where rains occurred statewide, halting producers in Northern, Oklahoma from finishing.  Harvest is complete in most regions of the state with the majority of wheat left around Enid, North of the HWY 412 corridor and East around the Garber, Tonkawa, Blackwell region along the I-35 corridor. Producers are also finishing up in far Northwest regions of the state around Shattuck and Fort Supply and in the Panhandle regions.  Statewide test weight averages are extremely favorable with most locations reporting 60 lbs./bu. and above.  A few lighter test weights were reported earlier in the season around the Blackwell, Braman region ranging from 58 lbs./bu. to 60 lbs./bu.  In the Panhandle some of the dryland wheat also had lower test weights due to drought stress on the crop, with some lower test weights being noted on irrigated fields where wheat streak mosaic virus was an issue. Test weights on these problem fields reported at 52 lbs./bu. to 56 lbs./bu., but these instances were very limited.  Yields, in most regions, have been favorable ranging from the mid 30’s to the mid 60’s depending on variety, location, and management plans.  Some producers with intensive management plans are reporting yields in the mid 70’s to mid 80’s, in parts of Northern Oklahoma. Protein reports are varying across the state with higher protein averages noted overall in Southwest, Oklahoma, ranging from 11.0% to 11.4%.  In Central Oklahoma, protein averages are ranging from 10.5% to 11.1%.  Protein reports across Northern, Oklahoma are ranging across the board from 10.1% to 11.9%.  In the Panhandle region, proteins are being reported higher including the irrigated wheat with a 12.5% average.  Currently we are calling the statewide average in Oklahoma for protein at 11.1%.  Harvest is estimated at 85% complete.

Due to heavy rain showers across the state, this will be the only harvest report from the Oklahoma Wheat Commission for this week, as it is predicted in most places, producers will not be back into the fields until the end of this week. The next Oklahoma harvest report will be published on July 7, 2021.

Below are regions where wheat was taken in prior to Wednesday June 28th, at 12:00 noon CST.

Southern Oklahoma locations reporting to be 99% complete.

Central Oklahoma locations reporting to be 96% complete.

Northern Oklahoma locations reporting to be 85% complete.

Northeastern Oklahoma locations reporting 95% complete.

Oklahoma Panhandle locations reporting 70 to 75% complete.

Northern Oklahoma Locations Reporting

Blackwell/Braman- Yields have varied from the mid 30’s to the mid 40’s, for the most part. Lower test weights in this region along the I-35 corridor have been ranging from 56 lbs./bu. to 58 lbs./bu. on some of the wheat.  In other areas, test weights are ranging from 60 lbs./bu. to 63 lbs./bu.  Some higher yields with intensive management have also been reported in the mid 50’s. A lot of the differences in the crop depended on planting date, management and variety selection.  Harvest in this region is 85% complete.

Deer Creek/ Renfrow/ Medford/ Pond Creek- Harvest made great progress in this region over the past week but was hindered with rains throughout Grant County late Friday night and early Saturday morning.  Test weights have been averaging 60 lbs./bu. or above.  Yields ranging from the mid 30’s to mid 50’s, depending on management. Some highly intensive managed fields reported at making 70+.  Harvest in this region is 70-75% complete.

Goltry/Helena- Producers in this region made great progress over the past week.  Yields reported in the mid 40’s to mid 50’s.  Test weights coming in at 60 lbs./bu. or above.  Harvest in this area reported at 96% complete.

Burlington- Producers made great progress in this area with yields ranging from the mid 30’s to the mid 40’s. Some higher yields have been noted in the mid 50’s.  The test weights have been averaging from 62 lbs./bu. to 64 lbs./bu.  Harvest in this area is 99% complete.

Shattuck/Fort Supply – Producers also made great progress in this region. Yields being reported in the mid 30’s to mid 40’s. Some higher yields on more intensive management being reported in the mid 50’s.  Test weights being reported at 60 lbs./bu. or higher.  Harvest in this region at 80% complete.

Northeastern Oklahoma Locations Reporting

Afton/Miami- Harvest is almost wrapped up in this region. Test weights reported at 60 lbs./bu. or above with yields making in the mid 40’s to mid 50’s.  Some better managed fields making in the mid 60’s. (Note:  This region also grows Soft Red Winter Wheat (SRW) which is marketed to regional bakeries for cake and pastry flours not the traditional Hard Red Winter Wheat (HRW) utilized for bread baking, bread rolls and flat breads). Traditionally SRW wheat will have lower test weights and yields but nothing has been reported below 60 lbs./bu. for the SRW wheats, and yields have also been favorable ranging from the mid 40’s to mid 50’s.  Harvest in this region is 95% complete.

Panhandle Oklahoma Locations Reporting

Goodwell/Guymon/Hooker- Yields have ranged from 10 to 40 bushels per acre on dryland wheat, depending on management and where producers got the rain.  Test weights on the poorer quality wheat ranging from 56 lbs./bu. to 58 lbs./bu. with the higher quality yielding wheat weighing 60 lbs./bu. and above.  Proteins in this region are ranging all over the board but will probably be a 12.5 average with some proteins reported as high as 18 on dryland wheat.   Producers have also started making great progress on the irrigated wheat within this region. Test weights on most irrigated wheat is coming in at 62 lbs./bu. to 65 lbs./bu. except where minor instances of wheat streak mosaic virus caused damage in the fields. Yields are being reported from the mid 70’s to around 110 bushels per acre depending on location and management for the irrigated wheat.  Proteins continue to also be favorable on irrigated wheat with at 12.5% average being reported.  Harvest in this region reported at 70 to 75% complete.

Enclosed, see the 24-Hour and 4-day rainfall accumulation maps with the 7-day weather forecast for Oklahoma.

Due to the rainfall received over the weekend and predicted this week, the next harvest report by the Oklahoma Wheat Commission will be published Wednesday, July 7, 2021. A regional harvest report and crop update will be made available and published on Friday, July 2, 2021, made possible by Plains Grains Inc.


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