Oklahoma Wheat Harvest In Full Swing from Border to Border

Courtesy Oklahoma Wheat Commission

Oklahoma Wheat harvest is moving forward in all locations across the state with producers making great strides in the hot dry temperatures.  A large majority of the crop in the region from Clinton, Weatherford, Carnegie, south to Pocasset and Chickasha received major hail damage and heavy rains last week and still fighting mud which will impact overall statewide numbers along with severe drought during the growing season in areas West of I-35.   Elevators are reporting more sprout damage across the state in the Southwest, South Central and Central regions due to excessive moisture in places. 

Yields are ranging all over the board. Low teens to mid-20’s in Southwest, Oklahoma. In South Central Oklahoma, yields are being reported from 10 bushels per acre to the mid 30’s.  Yields in central and Northern Oklahoma are ranging higher from 15 bushels to as high as 65 bushels per acre. Most regions are still looking at averages in the high 20’s to mid-30’s for the most part.  It is also important to note several areas in Northwest Oklahoma by Cherokee and Burlington experienced severe drought and large portions of that region will not be harvested.

Test weights have been lowered in Southern Oklahoma to Central Oklahoma, but based on earlier cuttings with higher test weights, most locations are still hoping for a 58 bushel per pound average. Test weights are being reported higher in NW Oklahoma in the Enid area and fields further north and east towards Jefferson, Medford, Lamont and Renfrow with many weights coming in at 60 pounds per bushel or higher. 

Proteins have ranged across the state between 10% and as high as 17% with averages coming in between 12 to 13% in most places. 

Sprout Damage – Elevators are reporting more sprout damage across the state in the Southwest, South Central and Central regions due to excessive moisture in places.  The sprout damage has also been wheat variety specific in many instances.  In Southwest Oklahoma, there may be as much as 10 to 30% sprout damage in 10% of the crop. In South Central, some fields are reported to having 10% to 18% sprout damage on 20% of the loads being taken in.  In Central Oklahoma, sprout damage is anywhere from 2% to 15% with most of the damage in this region falling in the 0 to 2% category, with 5 to 7% of the crop having as much as 15% damage.  

The Oklahoma Wheat Commission is now calling Oklahoma wheat harvest 45% completed.


Frederick- Harvest in this region is 95-97% complete. Test weights ranging from 60 to 61 pounds/bushel.  Proteins ranging from 12 to 12.5%. Yields being reported from low teens to high twenties, averaging in the low 20’s.

Altus/ Duke/ Carter- Harvest in this region reported as 90% done. Test weights have dropped some over the past week with the heavy rains and are now trending 56-58 pounds per bushel compared to earlier cuttings making 59 to 60 pounds per bushel.   Yields reported from 5 bushel an acre to mid-20’s. Proteins ranging from 13% to 16%

Lone Wolf/Hobart- Harvest in these regions is reported at 60% complete.  Test weights have dropped slightly and now being reported from 55 to 58 pounds per bushel.  Yields ranging from low teens to mid-20’s.  Proteins reported making from 13% to 16%.

South Central

Apache- Wheat harvest is just getting a good start in this region as producers have been fighting mud from the heavy rains that they received last week.  Test weights have been ranging from 57 pounds to 58 pounds per bushel for the most part.  On the intensive management wheat, they are seeing some 60-pound test weights.   Yields for the most part are ranging from 10 to 35 bushels per acre depending on location, management and variety.  This region 25% harvested.

Western Oklahoma

Sentinel/Rocky- Harvest has made great progress over the weekend and is reported at 80% complete.   Test weights reported in the 56 to 60 pound per bushel range. Yields being reported from 14 to 28 bushels per acre.  Proteins ranging from 13% to 17% depending on variety and management practices.

Central Oklahoma

El Reno- Harvest has been rolling North of El Reno, but South of El Reno, it is still be reported at a standstill as producers are fighting with mud from the heavy rains last week. They are reporting 20% harvested in this region. Yields are being reported from the low 20’s to the low 40’s depending on variety and management.  Test weights ranging from 57 to 59.5 pounds per bushel.  Protein ranging from 11% to 14.5%.

Kingfisher/OmegaHarvest in this region reported to be 60% complete. Test weights have dropped with ranges reported from 57 to 60 pounds per bushel.  Yields averaging in the high 20’s to low 30’s. Proteins have ranged from 10% to 15%, seeing a lot in the 11.5% to 12.5% range.

Reeding- Harvest in this region reported 25% complete. Test weights have dropped with ranges from 57 to 59 pounds per bushel being reported. Yields averaging mid-teens to low 30’s depending on variety and management. Proteins ranging from 11% to 12%.

Loyal- Harvest in this region reported at 20% complete.  Test weights averaging 57 to 59 pounds per bushel.  Yields on early harvested wheat making in the low 20’s to low 40’s.  Protein is ranging from 11.5% to 12.5% on early samples.

Northwest OK

Shattuck/Fort Supply-This region being reported at 15% complete. Test weights ranging from 57 to 62 pounds per bushel depending on variety and management.  Yields ranging from 5 bushels to 25 bushels per acre.  Proteins are ranging from 12% to 14%.

Burlington- Harvest in this region reported at 20% complete. A large area in this region will not be harvested due to the severe drought.  On the crop that will be harvested, test weights for this region is averaging 58 pounds per bushel.  Yields making in the mid 20’s to mid-40’s on the wheat that will be harvested depending on where moisture was received in a timely manner and management practices.  Proteins ranging from 12% to 13%.

Helena/Goltry- Harvest in this region has been moving full speed ahead, this region being reported as 50% harvested.  Yields reported from the mid-teens to low 30’s for the most part.  Test weights ranging from 58 to 60 pounds per bushel.  Proteins are averaging 13%.

Northern Oklahoma

Pond Creek/Lamont- Producers got a good start over the weekend in this region. This area reported to be 10% complete.  Test weights ranging from 58 to 60 pounds per bushel. Yields being reported in the low 30’s to mid-40’s. Proteins ranging from 12% to 16%.

Medford/Deer Creek- Producers in this region are just getting started, as more moisture was received in this area last week.  Test weights on early cuttings ranging from 58 to 60 pounds per bushel.  Yields in this region have been reported to be making better because of timely rains.  The yields are ranging from low 30’s to mid-40’s.   Some reports on management intensive wheat to be making in the high 60’s. Proteins have been ranging from 11% to 16%.

Panhandle- At the time of this report, no harvest was reported as taking place in the Panhandle although we have heard early reports of harvest starting around Baker, Oklahoma.  We plan to have a more in-depth report in this region on Wednesday, June 15th.

Below see the Heat Maximum and Air Temperatures for Monday June 13th. Also please see the 7-day forecast provided by the Oklahoma Mesonet.  The next harvest report will be scheduled for Wednesday, June 15, 2022.

This entry was posted in Harvest Report and tagged by Amanda De Oliveira Silva. Bookmark the permalink.

About Amanda De Oliveira Silva

I have served as an Assistant Professor and Small Grains Extension Specialist at Oklahoma State University since August 2019. I believe that close interaction with producers is vital to understand their production strategies and to establish realistic research goals. My program focuses on developing science-based information to improve the agronomic and economic viability of small grains production in Oklahoma and in the Southern Great Plains.

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